Finance, Loan, Debt and Credit.

May 31, 2017

Tax Return Online-makes Life Easy

Filed under: Tax — Tags: , , , — admin @ 12:47 pm

Today, people are earning in a lot. However, when the question to pay their tax comes, they show their back. Even well educated people do not feel to pay their tax on time. The problem of tax return will get solved very easily if everyone thinks that paying tax in time is their moral duty. A responsible person should pay their tax on time. Every year, list of rich businessmen and film stars are flashed in the newspapers who do not pay tax on time. They feel that paying tax is a great burden. There are many who play tricks when they have to pay their tax. People very cleverly hide their income. There are a section of people who is ready to pay tax but the whole procedure of filling forms and going to tax return office upset them. With the advent of tax return online, people can very easily pay their tax.

Whenever the time comes to pay tax, various channels and other mediums show regular advertisement. Tax return online is very safe and easy. There are many who wonder whether tax return online is safe or not. However, one need not worry because there are many security measures against theft. We can say that tax return online is quite safe and sound. People can rely on it.

If a person does not return his or her tax on time, then he invites problem for himself as well as for the society. People should plan his tax from the very beginning to avoid problems. There are many rules and regulation for tax return. If a person violates the rules, then he will be put behind the bars. Every year, the government struggles to convince people to return their tax timely. With the upcoming of tax return online, one need not have to struggle with pen, paper and stamps. It is quite easy and safe. There are also some that offer optional live chat programs, so that you can ask your questions directly to a tax expert. A person who does not pay his tax is considered to be a criminal. He is a black spot for the society.

Tax return online is a very modern method of paying tax and it is within the reach of all. There are many websites that will guide you how to proceed. Tax return online is very convenient to use and saves your valuable time. There are several sites on the web where you can calculate your tax return. There is less possibility of any sort of mistakes. Now, you need not have to make any prior plan to pay your tax. At any time and at any place at your convenience, you can return your tax. The process takes place very fast and it is free from any error. Earlier people hesitate to pay their tax but now the scenario has changed. People are eagerly coming forward to pay their tax. Today, tax payment has become a matter of status symbol. People who pay highest tax are considered that his position in the society is very high.

Michelle Barkley is a CPA who advises people on tax preparation and tax calculation.She specializes in Tax return outsourcing,Tax return online

and Outsourced Accounting.To know more about Accounting outsourcing services and accounting outsourcing in India and to use the services visit www.ifrworld.com

Need to Know What is Refinance Loans

Filed under: Loan — Tags: , , , , , , , , — admin @ 12:47 am

Refinancing is usually done to capitalize on lower interest rates. Lower interest rates translate into lower mortgage loan rates and by refinancing at the time when prevailing interest rates are lower, you can substantially lower your monthly payments. Refinancing loans offer an excellent opportunity to pay off existing debts and reduce periodic payment obligations. You may even liquidate equity that has accumulated in real property over the period of tenure by refinancing.

Extending the tenure of a refinancing loan is another effective way of lowering monthly payments. This is a widely accepted tactic of saving, and using the saved amount to pay off the principal of the loan. Therefore, extending a loan works as a two-way process, it lowers your monthly payment and reduces the payment burden since you use the amount saved to payback the principal amount.

Cash refinancing is another important technique to save. Using cash refinancing, you can capitalize on the equity that has been accumulated in your house over the years, and use the ready cash to utilize on projects that are more important.

You can even lessen out your risks by opting for refinance loans. However, this is applicable only in case of adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs)…in markets characterized by fluctuating interest rates. You can even refinance to convert an existing ARM into fixed rate.

People across America are increasingly using a refinancing loan to pay off high-interest debts such as credit card debts, with lower-interest debts such as that of a fixed-rate home mortgage and other debts down the line. You can also save substantially on taxes by refinancing. Interestingly, non-tax deductible debts such as credit card debts can be easily transformed into tax-deductible debts such as home mortgage debts. This substantially lowers tax liability, and helps in putting the owner into a lower tax bracket.

Check out castlemortgagegroup.com for to know about refinancing loans in Georgia, and Florida. We are a leading supplier of refinancing mortgages and do offer a variety of refinance loans in Florida, Georgia and other types of home mortgages for these two states.

Myself webmaster of http://www.castlemortgagegroup.com dealing in Georgia mortgage loans, Florida mortgage loans, Alabama mortgage loans, Florida home loans, Georgia home loans, Alabama home loans.

May 30, 2017

How Does Student Loan Consolidation Work?

Nowadays, the cost of higher education is getting more and more expensive. Some families may not be able to afford to send their son or daughter for further education. Getting a student loan will help.

There are 2 broad categories of student loans available. Government student loans and private student loans

Government or federal student loans are funded and administered by the US Department Of Education. It is classified under Federal Student Loans Aid Program. They have very few requirements other than you are studying in a US college or university. International students may also apply though approval is on a case by case basis.

Every year, the student loan aid program disburse nearly 60 billion dollars so it is a good choice for get a student loan from the government. Thus the interest rates are pretty low.

Private student loans are funded and administered by banks and other financial institutions. These lenders provide student loans at a higher interest rate compared to federal student loans. Some common student loans available are from Citibank and Sallie Mae

You are allowed to apply for both private and federal student loans for your education needs although I would not recommend it.

For some students who have a few student loans to repay concurrently, it can be a financial drain on their family finances. That is where student loan consolidation comes in.

Student loan consolidation basically consolidates all your student loans into one loan so that it is easier to manage and make payments. When you are getting a student loan consolidation whether from the government or the private market, your existing student loans are paid for and erased by the student loan consolidation lender. The balances are transferred to the new student loan consolidation. Thus you start a new loan and only needs to make a single payment each month.

There are many advantages to using student loan consolidation. The interest rates will be lower since it takes the average interest rates of your previous student loans. Thus due to government legislation, the maximum interest rate cannot be higher than 8.25 percent.

It becomes a lot easier to manage a single student loan and payment are easier. The repayment options are quite flexible. For federal student loan consolidation, you can opt to start repaying after you have graduated from school. There are also several other options.

Another beneficial side-effect of student loan consolidation is that it can also improves your credit score. Since you are effectively clearing all your old student loans and taking a new one, your credit score will increase and is important if plan to take other types of loans in the future.

Debts / Pinjaman

Filed under: Debt — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 12:47 am
ng>Debt / Pinjaman

Debt is that which is owed; usually referencing assets owed, but the term can cover other obligations. In the case of assets, debt is a means of using future purchasing power in the present before a summation has been earned. Some companies and corporations use debt as a part of their overall corporate finance strategy.[citation needed]

A debt is created when a creditor agrees to lend a sum of assets to a debtor. In modern society, debt is usually granted with expected repayment; in many cases, plus interest. Historically, debt was responsible for the creation of indentured servants.

Payment

Before a debt can be made, both the debtor and the creditor must agree on the manner in which the debt will be repaid, known as the standard of deferred payment. This payment is usually denominated as a sum of money in units of currency, but can sometimes be denominated in terms of goods. Payment can be made in increments over a period of time, or all at once at the end of the loan agreement.

[edit] Types of debt

A company uses various kinds of debt to finance its operations. The various types of debt can generally be categorized into: 1) secured and unsecured debt, 2) private and public debt, 3) syndicated and bilateral debt, and 4) other types of debt that display one or more of the characteristics noted above.[1]

A debt obligation is considered secured if creditors have recourse to the assets of the company on a proprietary basis or otherwise ahead of general claims against the company. Unsecured debt comprises financial obligations, where creditors do not have recourse to the assets of the borrower to satisfy their claims.

Private debt comprises bank-loan type obligations, whether senior or mezzanine. Public debt is a general definition covering all financial instruments that are freely tradeable on a public exchange or over the counter, with few if any restrictions.

Loan syndication is a risk management tool that allows the lead banks underwriting the debt to reduce their risk and free up lending capacity.

A basic loan is the simplest form of debt. It consists of an agreement to lend a principal sum for a fixed period of time, to be repaid by a certain date. In commercial loans interest, calculated as a percentage of the principal sum per year, will also have to be paid by that date.

In some loans, the amount actually loaned to the debtor is less than the principal sum to be repaid; the additional principal has the same economic effect as a higher interest rate (see point (mortgage)).

A syndicated loan is a loan that is granted to companies that wish to borrow more money than any single lender is prepared to risk in a single loan, usually many millions of dollars. In such a case, a syndicate of banks can each agree to put forward a portion of the principal sum.

A bond is a debt security issued by certain institutions such as companies and governments. A bond entitles the holder to repayment of the principal sum, plus interest. Bonds are issued to investors in a marketplace when an institution wishes to borrow money. Bonds have a fixed lifetime, usually a number of years; with long-term bonds, lasting over 30 years, being less common. At the end of the bond’s life the money should be repaid in full. Interest may be added to the end payment, or can be paid in regular installments (known as coupons) during the life of the bond. Bonds may be traded in the bond markets, and are widely used as relatively safe investments in comparison to equity.

Corporate finance

Working capital management

Cash conversion cycle

Return on capital

Economic value added

Just In Time

Economic order quantity

Discounts and allowances

Factoring (finance)

Capital budgeting

Capital investment decisions

The investment decision

The financing decision

Sections

Managerial finance

Financial accounting

Management accounting

Mergers and acquisitions

Balance sheet analysis

Business plan

Corporate action

Finance series

Financial market

Financial market participants

Corporate finance

Personal finance

Public finance

Banks and Banking

Financial regulation

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Accounting debt

In national accounting, debts are added according to those who are indebted. Household debt is the debt held by households. “National” or Public debt is the debt held by the various governmental institutions (federal government, states, cities …). Business debt is the debt held by businesses. Financial debt is the debt held by the financial sector (from one financial institution to another). Total debt is the sum of all those debts, excluding financial debt to prevent double accounting. These various types of debt can be computed in debt/GDP ratios. Those ratios help to assess the speed of variations in the indebtness and the size of the debt due. For example the USA have a high consumer debt and a low public debt, while in eastern European countries, for example, the opposite tends to be true.

There are differences in the accounting of debt for private and public agents. If a private agent promises to pay something later, it has a debt, and this debt is enforceable by public agents. If a public body passes a law stating that it’ll pay something later (a kind of promise), it keeps the right to change the law later (and not to pay). This is why, for instance, the money governments promised to pay for retirements does not show up in the public debt assessment, whereas the money private companies promised to pay for retirements do.

Securitization

Main article: Securitization

Securitization occurs when a company groups together assets or receivables and sells them in units to the market through a trust. Any asset with a cashflow can be securitized. The cash flows from these receivables are used to pay the holders of these units. Companies often do this in order to remove these assets from their balance sheets and monetize an asset. Although these assets are “removed” from the balance sheet and are supposed to be the responsibility of the trust, that does not end the company’s involvement. Often the company maintains a special interest in the trust which is called an “interest only strip” or “first loss piece”. Any payments from the trust must be made to regular investors in precedence to this interest. This protects investors from a degree of risk, making the securitization more attractive. The aforementioned brings into question whether the assets are truly off-balance-sheet given the company’s exposure to losses on this interest.

Debt, inflation and the exchange rate

As noted above, debt is normally denominated in a particular monetary currency, and so changes in the valuation of that currency can change the effective size of the debt. This can happen due to inflation or deflation, so it can happen even though the borrower and the lender are using the same currency. Thus it is important to agree on standards of deferred payment in advance, so that a degree of fluctuation will also be agreed as acceptable. It is for instance common[citation needed] to agree to “US dollar denominated” debt.

The form of debt involved in banking accounts for a large proportion of the money in most industrialised nations (see money and credit money for a discussion of this). There is therefore a relationship between inflation, deflation, the money supply, and debt. The store of value represented by the entire economy of the industrialized nation, and the state’s ability to levy tax on it, acts to the foreign holder of d
ebt as a guarantee of repayment, since industrial goods are in high demand in many places worldwide.

Lendings to stable financial entities such as large companies or governments are often termed “risk free” or “low risk” and made at a so-called “risk-free interest rate”. This is because the debt and interest are highly unlikely to be defaulted. A good example of such risk-free interest is a US Treasury security – it yields the minimum return available in economics, but investors have the comfort of the (almost) certain expectation that the US Treasury will not default on its debt instruments. A risk-free rate is also commonly used in setting floating interest rates, which are usually calculated as the risk-free interest rate plus a bonus to the creditor based on the creditworthiness of the debtor (in other words, the risk of him defaulting and the creditor losing the debt). In reality, no lending is truly risk free, but borrowers at the “risk free” rate are considered the least likely to default.

However, if the real value of a currency changes during the term of the debt, the purchasing power of the money repaid may vary considerably from that which was expected at the commencement of the loan. So from a practical investment point of view, there is still considerable risk attached to “risk free” or “low risk” lendings. The real value of the money may have changed due to inflation, or, in the case of a foreign investment, due to exchange rate fluctuations.

The Bank for International Settlements is an organisation of central banks that sets rules to define how much capital banks have to hold against the loans they give out.

Ratings and creditworthiness

Specific bond debts owed by both governments and private corporations is rated by rating agencies, such as Moody’s, Fitch Ratings Inc., A. M. Best and Standard & Poor’s. The government or company itself will also be given its own separate rating. These agencies assess the ability of the debtor to honor his obligations and accordingly give him a credit rating. Moody’s uses the letters Aaa Aa A Baa Ba B Caa Ca C, where ratings Aa-Caa are qualified by numbers 1-3. Munich Re, for example, currently is rated Aa3 (as of 2004[update]). S&P and other rating agencies have slightly different systems using capital letters and +/- qualifiers.

A change in ratings can strongly affect a company, since its cost of refinancing depends on its creditworthiness. Bonds below Baa/BBB (Moody’s/S&P) are considered junk- or high risk bonds. Their high risk of default (approximately 1.6% for Ba) is compensated by higher interest payments. Bad Debt is a loan that can not (partially or fully) be repaid by the debtor. The debtor is said to default on his debt. These types of debt are frequently repackaged and sold below face value. Buying junk bonds is seen as a risky but potentially profitable form of investment.

Cancellation

Short of bankruptcy, it is rare that debts are wholly or partially forgiven. Traditions in some cultures demand that this be done on a regular (often annual) basis, in order to prevent systemic inequities between groups in society, or anyone becoming a specialist in holding debt and coercing repayment. Under English law, when the creditor is deceived into forgoing payment, this is a crime: see Theft Act 1978.

International Third World debt has reached the scale that many economists are convinced that debt cancellation is the only way to restore global equity in relations with the developing nations.

Effects of debt

Debt allows people and organizations to do things that they would otherwise not be able, or allowed, to do. Commonly, people in industrialised nations use it to purchase houses, cars and many other things too expensive to buy with cash on hand. Companies also use debt in many ways to leverage the investment made in their assets, “leveraging” the return on their equity. This leverage, the proportion of debt to equity, is considered important in determining the riskiness of an investment; the more debt per equity, the riskier. For both companies and individuals, this increased risk can lead to poor results, as the cost of servicing the debt can grow beyond the ability to pay due to either external events (income loss) or internal difficulties (poor management of resources).

Excesses in debt accumulation have been blamed for exacerbating economic problems.[2] For example, prior to the beginning of the Great Depression debt/GDP ratio was very high. Economic agents were heavily indebted. This excess of debt, equivalent to excessive expectations on future returns, accompanied asset bubbles on the stock markets. When expectations corrected, deflation and a credit crunch followed. Deflation effectively made debt more expensive and, as Fisher explained, this reinforced deflation again, because, in order to reduce their debt level, economic agents reduced their consumption and investment. The reduction in demand reduced business activity and caused further unemployment. In a more direct sense, more bankruptcies also occurred due both to increased debt cost caused by deflation and the reduced demand.

It is possible for some organizations to enter into alternative types of borrowing and repayment arrangements which will not result in bankruptcy. For example, companies can sometimes convert debt that they owe into equity in themselves. In this case, the creditor hopes to regain something equivalent to the debt and interest in the form of dividends and capital gains of the borrower. The “repayments” are therefore proportional to what the borrower earns and so can not in themselves cause bankruptcy. Once debt is converted in this way, it is no longer known as debt.

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May 29, 2017

Bad Credit Does not Mean You Will be Refused Car Credit

Filed under: Credit — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 12:46 pm
A bad credit rating can be viewed as a mountain to climb for those affected by it. Consumers may deem themselves in a position where they are unable to receive any finance from lenders. This is however, not true.

“The truth: even with the worst credit, even one day after bankruptcy, an individual with bad credit may still obtain a credit card, a car loan or a home mortgage loan” (Attorney M. Brenner 2008).

Consumers have finance available to them regardless of bad credit as long as they are able to qualify through other requirements. Through fulfilling these requirements, opportunities of car loans or car credit will be made available.

Collateral can be a huge deciding factor when lenders are considering applications. Collateral, normally based upon fixed assets such as property, can be secured by the finance company. The collateral is used, as a source of payment, if a consumer does not make repayments of the full amount within an agreed time.

“This does not mean that credit or income requirements will be overlooked by the mere fact of applying for a secured bad credit loan instead of an unsecured loan. However, it is true that you can boost your chances by doing so” (Witts 2008).

Unsecured loans are still available for consumers with bad credit. These loans will be subject to higher interest rates and lower loan amounts but are still a viable option for those with bad credit. Those with bad credit can use co-signatories or guarantors in order to secure loans such as car credit.

“This will greatly reduce the risk and thus, ease the requirements for approval” (Witts 2008).

Consumer’s confidnece in spending has fallen, effecting large purchases.

“Research, conducted in February, is one of the first pieces of evidence that the public are changing their behaviour to take account of the economic slowdown. Of the factors slowing spending, the biggest, cited by 44 per cent of people, was the rise in the cost of day-to-day living. One in six said they had received some big household bills; had seen their income plunge for another reason; or just felt they should be more careful in their spending”. (Hickman 2008).

Cars can be an expensive one off payment. The current economic climate means that consumers are less confident in their disposable income spending. Therefore the option of spreading that payment over a period of time in manageable monthly sums is more appealing to consumers.

Recent surveys from the RAC have indicated that a sizeable proportion of UK drivers are searching in order to reduce the size of their car. Consumers view the need for a smaller car for two reasons. 1; Cost and 2; maximising their car credit.

Companies such as creditplus.co.uk are specialists in finding consumers potential finance opportunities. They will sort through the major lenders and find the best finance deal available for specific consumers circumstances.

The use of loan calculators and other financial assistance tools provide consumers with an easy way to check if how much monthly payments would be and for how long these repayments would need to be made. However, this would all be dependant on the outcome credit checks carried out.

References

Article Sphere. 2008. Bad credit doesn’t have to be an obstacle. [Online] (Updated on 06 October 2008). Available at: http://www.articlesphere.com/Article/Bad-Credit-Doesn-t-Have-To-Be-An-Obstacle/158438 [Accessed 06 October 2008].

Debt workout. 2001. Introduction to Loan Options For Bad Credit Borrowers. [Online] (Updated on 01 April 2001). Available at: http://www.debtworkout.com/bad_credit/loan_help.html [Accessed 06 October 2008].

The Independent. 2008. Now the credit crunch is hitting home. [Online] (updated 16 April 2008). Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/money/invest-save/now-the-credit-crunch-is-hitting-home-809603.html [Accessed 06 October 2008].

Debt Consolidation Loan And The Problem That Go With It

Filed under: Loan — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 12:46 am

What is a Debt Consolidation Loan? A debt consolidation loan is basically a loan taken to pay off other debts. This allows you to have only one payment each month, and typically saves you a lot of money on interest. There are many types of debt consolidation loans, but the most popular are personal loans or home refinancing mortgages.


The Problem With Debt Consolidation Loan: Most often, those seeking this type of loans have horrible credit due to the debt they are trying to consolidate. Basically, it is a viscous circle: you have debt, you need to consolidate, you can not because your credit is bad, you can not clear up the credit because you have debt, so you need to consolidate, etc. Even if you can find someone to give you a consolidate debt loans, you may wind up paying so much in interest due to your bad credit score that you actually do not save any money by consolidating the debt.


So Why Get a Debt Consolidation Loan? Even though interest rates may be high and you may not save any money by getting a consolidation loan, you can still benefit from it. This is due to the way that credit scoring works. Items posted to your credit report as slow pays will remain on the report for up to seven years, even if you pay them. However, unpaid debt on your credit report severely lowers your credit score. Basically, even if you have slow pays on your credit report, you will have a better score if the item is paid off. Additionally, items renew the seven year mark each time you make a payment, so by paying the original creditor bit by bit, you are actually prolonging the amount of time that the slow pay will show on your credit report. Getting a debt consolidation loan to pay all of your current debts will raise your score a bit, and make it easier to clean up your credit faster.


Before You Get A Debt Consolidation Loan: Before taking on a debt consolidation loan, you need to take a close look at several factors. First, make a list of all of your current debt and the interest rates that you currently pay. Secondly, look at the types of debt consolidation loans you can qualify for, and make a list of all of the interest rates. Finally, total up the amount you will pay to clear the debt with and without the loan. This will help you determine if you will wind up paying more or less for your debt by consolidating. This is especially important if you have bad credit and are looking at very high interest rates.


A Consolidate Debt Loans Will Not Solve Everything: This is an important key to getting out of debt that many people ignore or do not understand. It is not enough to get a consolidation to clear up your debt. You have to examine how you got into debt in the first place. Typically, getting this far into debt is accomplished by spending more money than you make. In order to clear up your credit and stay out of debt after getting a consolidate debt loans, you need to take a close look at your expenses and income. Develop a budget and stick to it, using credit and credit cards as little as possible. This will help you to avoid having to get another debt consolidation loan within a year or two, as is common.

Your Tips and Information guide to Consolidate Debt Loans
and to ease the burden of Mortgage loans and School Loans.

May 28, 2017

Student Loans Come in a Variety of Types and Payment Schedules

Filed under: Student — Tags: , , — admin @ 12:47 pm
There are a number of different types of student loans. They are all created to help students and parents discover the right choice for their respective situation. The overall cost of both private and public colleges are steadily increasing and students need to find the means for funding their education. Deciding which student loan, whether a private or federal student loan, is a very important decision. You will eventually be responsible for paying it back, so research all of your options. &nbsp

What is a Student Loan?

If you are a student who is preparing to borrow money as part of a student loan, prepare to learn all that you can about what a student loan is and why you need it. It is meant to help you as you pursue your collegiate education. Because the cost of education is continually rising, student loans give you more opportunity to go to the school of your choice. Be prepared to begin repaying of the loan a short time after you have finished your education. &nbsp

Types of Student Loans

There are three primary types of student loans available, a federal student loan, a private student loan or a parent loan. Two of the most common federal loans used by students are Stafford loans and Perkins loans. What is beneficial behind a federal student loan is that federal laws regulate the interest rates charged for these programs. A lender has to offer a federal loan at the specified interest rate, which is usually lower than the national interest rate. A federal student loan can also be consolidated after the student graduates, allowing the student loan repayment plan to fall under one large umbrella.

Private student loans are different from federal loans, and students applying for these don’t have to fill out federal forms. Private lenders offer these loans, making them cost more because there is no legal requirement to stay within a certain interest rate. Private loans also require a student to submit their credit history, and the interest and fees paid on the student loans are based upon the student’s credit score. Parents may be required to co-sign for a private student loan, making them responsible if the student has to defer payments at any time.

A parent loan, or the Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), is a type of student loan parents apply for to encompass any additional cost their child’s financial aid or student loans won’t cover. PLUS loans, like other federal loans, come with a fixed interest rate. These loans can also be consolidated, like the Stafford and Perkins loans, and parents are fully responsible for repaying PLUS loans to the lender after they are distributed.

Finding student loans that are right for you doesn’t have to be a difficult task. It just takes a little time and research before making a final decision. Talking with your college’s financial advisor can help you go down the right path when choosing a loan. It is important to go over all the student loan repayment options when choosing a loan program from a lender because you will be financially responsible after graduation. Deciding upon the right loan can help you achieve your dreams of higher education.

Not All Debt is Bad

Filed under: Debt — Tags: , , , , , , , — admin @ 12:47 am
So you are in debt-who isn’t these days? We live in a society that encourages people to go into debt. Credit card commercials tell us that a trip to Jamaica is just what we need, regardless of whether we can afford it. (That’s what your gold card is for, right?)

Loan brokers want us to borrow up to 125 percent against our home equity. Even the federal government just had its first balanced budget in a generation and now faces the enormous task of paying off over trillions of dollars in debt.

Yet not everyone is in debt. Many people know how to deal with money. Their debts are manageable, and they have money in the bank. That sounds nice, doesn’t it money in the bank? That is what you deserve. In order to get there, however, you are going to have to change some of your thinking about money and learn a few new methods of dealing with it.

Why Are You in Debt?

People who are not in debt think about and treat money differently than the rest of us. They know a few things about money and debt that escape the rest of us. Let’s call them the “financially literate.” If you can begin to relate to money as they do, you will be well on your way to a life that is not only debt-free, but also prosperous. What we hope to do in this book is to show you some of their secrets so you can adapt a few of these ideas and tools to help you get out of debt.

Do not feel too badly if you are not good with a dollar, a lot of people aren’t. Money literacy is not taught in schools, and too often parents are too busy trying to dig themselves out of their own financial hole to help much either. Yet, unfortunately for many of us, we learn more about money from our parents than anywhere else. The good news is that learning how to get out of debt and become more financially literate is not all that complicated.

The first step in the process is to figure out how you created so much debt, because if you don’t figure out how and why you got yourself into this pickle, you might get out of debt, but you certainly won’t stay out. So the first question to ask yourself is: Why did you go into debt in the first place?

Sometimes going into debt is unavoidable, but often it is not. When money is tight, you have several options; going into debt is just the easiest. Instead of choosing more debt, you might have decided to work overtime and make more money, or possibly you could have tightened your belt and spent less money. Debt was not your only choice.

There are many reasons people go into debt: some are good reasons, and some are bad. It doesn’t matter. Did you buy luxuries you could otherwise not afford? Did an illness or a divorce set you back financially? Was debt your way of dealing with some other sudden, unexpected expense? When you look at the reason why you went into debt, the important thing is to notice whether your spending habits follow a pattern. If you can see a pattern, you need to address that pattern as much as the underlying debt.

Consider Mark and Diane. They both make a good living: he’s a psychiatrist, and she’s a psychologist. They have two kids to whom they are devoted. They send both to private school, which costs a total of $15,000 a year, and both kids go to summer camp. This expense adds up.

Mark and Diane don’t buy luxuries, they don’t travel much, and, except for the kids’ expenses, they are very frugal. Yet the only way they can pay for everything is by going into debt. They use their home equity line of credit and credit cards to stay afloat. Although they would like to move to a less expensive neighborhood, they can’t because they have no equity in their home, so they are stuck.

What are they to do? If they are going to get out of debt, something in their lives is going to have to change. The private school is going to have to go, camp may be out, or they are going to have to start making more money. The same is true for you. If you want to get out of debt, you are going to have to identify why you went into debt and change that behavior or pattern.

Good and Bad Debt

Debt in and of itself is not a bad thing. Both of us (the authors) were able to start our own businesses because of debt; Steve began his own law practice, and Azriela began her own entrepreneurial consulting business. So we understand what debt is and why some debt is great debt.

Debt allows you to do things you otherwise normally could not do, such as start a business, go to college, or pay for a home. Debt constructs buildings and funds investments and entire corporations-even the government is funded by debt. The trick is to foster debts that help the cause and banish the ones that don’t. Not all debts are bad debts.

Good Debt

Debt that helps you, enriches your life, is manageable, and is not a burden can be called good debt. For example, student loans are good debt if they enabled you to get through school and further your life goals. They are bad debt if you dropped out of medical school after one year to become a writer. A good debt helps; a bad debt hinders. We want to help you get rid of that bad debt.

Other examples of debt that may be considered good include:

1. Home loans. A mortgage can be a great debt. Not only does it permit you to own your own home, but it also allows you to build home equity. People who are financially savvy earn interest and equity. People who are not financially savvy pay interest and create money for others. For example, charging groceries means that you will pay about 17 percent interest on items that will be consumed within a week. A financially literate person would never do that.

2. Car loans. A car loan can be a fine debt because you get something long-lasting out of the debt. If you need a nice car for your job (if you are a real estate agent, for example), a car loan may be considered good debt because it helps you in your career. However, a car loan that you cannot afford is a bad debt because it detracts from your life.

3. Business loans. If you can service the loan, and it helps you make more money, the loan is good debt, but if the loan is nothing but a source of problems for you, the debt is bad.

4. Credit cards. Credit cards are fantastic. They are convenient and easy. They can help finance a business or even medical emergencies. The problem with them, as you probably know only too well, is that it is too easy to fall under their siren spell and get in over your head before you know it. That’s when they begin to hurt your life more than help it.

Bad Debt Blues

How do you know if your debt is good debt or bad debt? Easy. Bad debts cause stress. You sleep poorly because of them. They cause fights and foster guilt. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell was once asked to define obscenity. Hard-pressed to come up with a definition, Powell uttered the famous line, “I know it when I see it.” The same could be said for bad debt: You know it when you see it, and it certainly can be obscene.

Bad debt seems impossible to pay back. You create bad debt when you charge things you don’t need or when you borrow for things that you consume quickly, such as clothes, meals, or vacations. The things quickly disappear, but the debt has a nasty habit of sticking around, seemingly forever. Bad debts can become very bad debts because of interest and penalties. For example, if you buy a CD player for $200 and don’t pay it off by the end of the year, and your credit card company charges a usurious 20 percent APR (20 percent per year), you owe $220 by the end of the year. If you do this with five items, you owe $1100, and that’s a lot of money.

Money Talks

Tight for money? Here are some simple ways to save a little extra: Don’t use ATMs at other banks and avoid $2 user fees; cancel your movie channels on cable and save about $20 per mo
nth; put all of your change at the end of the day in a jar and save about $50 a month; hold a garage sale and make about $200; cancel your cell phone and save $50 a month.

You can create bad debt when you agree to pay these crazy interest rates that some creditors charge, because the debt seems to grow exponentially. Credit cards are the prime culprit, but they are by no means the only one. High interest can also come with personal loans, business loans, or unpaid taxes.

You know what the bad debt dance looks like, anyone reading this book does: New bills are coming in before you’ve cleared out those from last month. You’re surprised to find that the phone bill is still unpaid. Somehow the dentist was never sent his check. You know what past-due notices look like. Your Visa and MasterCard bills include late payment penalties. The hardware store sends a letter telling you you’re past due and requests that you send a check at once. There is more month left at the end of your money, and payday seems far away. Worst of all, these things don’t surprise you anymore.

Avoidance is a common coping mechanism to deal with a budget that doesn’t balance. The problem is, it can create even more problems than you already have:

Your property could be repossessed. The finance company can come take your car. The electronics store can come take its TV back. You could get sued. If that happens, your wages could be garnished, or your bank account could be levied upon. Imagine your surprise when you go to get that $1,000 out of your checking account to pay your mortgage and you find that it has been seized by one of your creditors.

A lien can be placed on your real estate. Failure to pay a bill now means that a creditor can get a judgment against you and force you to pay it later when you sell your house, only then you will pay it with 10 percent interest per year.

Loss of services. You could lose your insurance or your utility services if you avoid paying those bills.

Yet, as much as you have been avoiding the problem, the truth is that your debts are neither crushing nor hopeless. They are simply a problem-one for which there is a solution. But no one ever eliminated a problem until he or she recognized and admitted that there was a problem. You began to do that the moment you read this articles. As you read it, you will need to begin to formulate a debt-reduction plan that will work for you. As you do, you need to determine which debts are necessary and which are not.

Debts You Want to Keep

Steve, one of the authors of this book, is a bankruptcy attorney. One day, an old acquaintance named Bill came into his office and said that he needed some help getting out of debt, but he also wanted to avoid bankruptcy if at all possible. They talked, came up with a plan of action, and Bill went on his way. About four years later, Steve ran into Bill again and asked how things were; Bill relayed the following story.

Bill had $30,000 in credit card debt and was behind two months on his mortgage when he left Steve’s office. That day, Bill finally decided that something had to change. He wanted to pay everyone back, put some money in savings, and keep his house. His mortgage was his largest, and favorite, debt because he loved his house.

Bill’s first order of business was to prioritize his debts. Wanting to save his house, Bill called his lender and found out that it had a program that would enable him to roll his mortgage arrears onto the end of his loan. He was therefore able to keep his most important debt and focus his energies on getting rid of the debts he didn’t want anymore.

Bill put together a credit card repayment plan. He started living a bit more frugally, making some extra money by moonlighting, and paying more on his credit cards than the minimum. He was diligent, but not always perfect. Although it took him several years, he finally did get out of debt. He also kept his house and even created a little nest egg. Bill did it, and you can too.

Debts to Get Rid Of

If you want to prosper financially, there are plenty of debts that you will want to wipe out. The most obvious are those where you are paying high interest and penalties, things such as credit cards, lines of credit, taxes, or any other debt that is much higher than inflation. In this articles, you will see how to formulate a plan that will enable you to get out from under these burdensome debts. But as you contemplate this plan, you also need to prioritize certain debts and pay them on time:

1. Rent or mortgage. Make paying your rent or mortgage a top priority. Payments on a home equity line of credit or second mortgage are also essential because you can lose your house if you don’t pay.

2. Car payments. Make the payments. If you don’t, the car will be repossessed.

3. Utility bills. These services are important, and the bills usually have heavy late payment penalties.

4. Child support or alimony. Not paying these debts can land you in jail.

5. Taxes. Taxes may be put off for awhile if necessary, and we show you how to do so later on in the book, but if the IRS is about to take your paycheck, bank account, house, or other property, you should set up a repayment plan immediately.

The First Rule of Holes: Stop Digging!

The goal of this articles is to help you get out of debt within the context of making your life work. You will not be asked to make radical, unreasonable changes in your life because doing so rarely works. Instead, important, sometimes gradual, small but significant changes can make a big difference.

If you are going to start getting out of debt, you have to stop going into debt. One way to start is to begin to wean yourself from the credit card teat if you think that is part of your problem. You don’t have to cut up all your credit cards; that would be impractical and unreasonable. Start slowly, but build up to it and get strong. You can do it. The only way to stop going into debt is to stop going into debt. You might as well start now because the sooner you start, the sooner you will get out of debt. The longer you wait, the longer it will take.

We will show you how to easily trim your budget (well, almost easily) so that you need not incur more debt to stay afloat. But begin now. You are going to have to stop sooner or later. Down the road you will see that this is one of the most important steps you can take in getting out of debt. You will thank yourself for this gift. Remember the first rule of holes: Stop digging!

Long-Term Goals

Now is the time to begin to think about your long range financial vision. What is it you hope to accomplish by getting out of debt? Changing some habits?

Paying off your MasterCard? Probably what you really want is a less stressful life, one that’s free from money worries. But you can have even more. Getting out of debt is one thing, but prosperity is another thing altogether.

You have read this once already, and you will read it again in this book: If you don’t begin to do some things differently, to change the way you think and treat money, you might get out of debt, but you won’t stay out of debt. If you do make some simple changes to your thinking and your behavior, not only will you get out of debt, but you also will get ahead. You will get what you deserve: a life of abundance.

The Least You Need to Know

1. Going into debt for essentials makes financial sense; doing so for nonessentials does not.

2. Not all debt is bad debt.

3. You may want to keep debts that enhance your life and get rid of the rest.

4. Stop adding to your debt right now.

5. Cultivate a long-term plan of action.

www.Citicredit.asia offers comprehensive guide to credit reporting, including information on repairing or rebuilding your credit history.

 

 

 

 

 

May 27, 2017

Are you getting the right debt advice?

Filed under: Debt — Tags: , , , , , — admin @ 12:47 pm
Struggling with debt can be a difficult and stressful situation, and it’s easy to feel like you will never be able to find a way out.

More and more people are getting into trouble with debt these days, yet many are unaware of what help is available. In reality, even people with severe debt problems can get help from a professional debt adviser.

Importance of good debt advice

If you ever find yourself having problems with your debts, then you should contact a professional debt adviser as soon as possible. Since the interest on debt often means it grows very quickly, putting it off can result in you paying a lot more overall.

How can a good debt adviser help me?

General debt help

In a lot of cases, simple debt advice is all it takes. If you have trouble managing your money, you’re not alone – many people have this problem, and it’s not unusual for it to lead to debt problems.

Your debt adviser may be able to recommend a few changes in your spending that could help you to get back on track. Equally, they may help you to set up a budget, so you can make sure you’re aware of how much money is needed for each of your commitments, and how much you have left to spend as you wish.

If the situation has become more serious, and your debts are becoming unmanageable, then your debt adviser may recommend a debt solution that could help your situation.

What debt solutions are available?

There are a number of debt solutions available that can help people in various situations. Your debt adviser can help you to decide which (if any) is best for you.

Debt consolidation loan

A debt consolidation loan is typically for people who have relatively manageable debts, but would like to simplify their finances and/or reduce their outgoings. It is essentially a new loan that pays off your existing debts, ending your ties to your original creditors and consolidating those debts into one convenient monthly payment.

Many people with a debt consolidation loan choose to reduce the amount they pay each month by spreading their repayments out. If you choose to do this, be aware that because you will pay interest for longer, you may end up paying more overall.

However, it’s still possible to save money if you consolidate high-interest debts, such as credit cards. So long as the interest on the debt consolidation is lower, you could save money, although a longer repayment period may limit the amount you save.

Debt Management Plan

For debts that have become unmanageable under the existing terms, a debt management plan is an informal arrangement with your creditors that can allow you to repay your debts at a more manageable pace.

As well as reducing the amount you will pay each month, you may be able to negotiate a reduction or freeze in interest and other charges, which can prevent the debt from growing – or at least slow down the rate at which it’s increasing.

However, be aware that repaying any debt more slowly will take longer and can cost more, as it’ll have longer to attract interest. This is why it’s important to work closely with a debt adviser to ensure that your repayments are affordable, while still allowing you to repay what you owe.

IVA (Individual Voluntary Arrangement)

If your debts have become so unmanageable that you don’t think you will ever be able to repay them in full, an IVA could help you to avoid bankruptcy by agreeing to pay a set percentage of your debt to your creditors, after which the remaining debt will be written off.

You will make monthly payments to your Insolvency Practitioner, who will subsequently distribute it among your creditors as agreed. This will usually continue for five years, and on successful completion you will be legally debt-free.

There are some things to consider before entering into an IVA, though. You may be expected to give up a portion of any increase in income earned during your IVA (including pay rises and bonuses), and if you are a homeowner, you may also be expected to release some of the equity in your home in the 54th month of the IVA.

Although an IVA is typically considered preferable to bankruptcy, there are some cases in which bankruptcy is the more beneficial option. Your debt adviser will offer advice on the best choice for your particular needs.

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